Plaza de Armas / Arborétum
“La Plaza de Armas” means “The Weapon’s Square” and it was named as such because this is where the people of the neighborhood prepared to battle the area’s natives; It was the largest square in colonial Guadalajara. Originally when the city was founded, this site was a very big landfill, it was transformed in 1630 when it was paved and equipped with a water tank to supply all the people in the City.
Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, a leader of the Mexican War of Independence who is recognized as the Father of the Nation, stood here on December 6th of 1810 and called for slavery to be abolished. Years later, President Benito Juárez declared the Government Palace, which is the building right ahead, the main headquarters for the Itinerant Federal Government.
The beautiful kiosk was a gift from the Francophile Mexican President, Porfirio Díaz. It was built in Paris and installed here in 1910 to celebrate the anniversary of Mexico’s Independence. It shows eight female sculptures each representing different musical instruments, surrounding the kiosk there are four more sculptures of women symbolizing the four seasons.
This site is now home to the ARBORÉTUM project, it’s goals are to cut urban heat islands , improve our climate and to preserve the environment. This project is part of our commitment to creating a sustainable city as one of 96 other member cities in the C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group, a global network of large cities taking action to address climate change.
The area has 81 trees and more than 14 thousand plants of various regional species; You will also find pollinating gardens that provide food and shelter to various species like bees and hummingbirds, that improve the quality of life for the people of Guadalajara.
Come and enjoy this and other iconic sites of our city.