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José Zuno

José Guadalupe Zuno Hernández was born on April 18th, 1891, in La Barca, Jalisco.

He was a Mexican lawyer and politician, as well as a humanist, naturalist, cartoonist, painter, writer, and professor.

He studied at San Carlos Academy and at Liceo de Varones (boys’ high school), a building that turned into Guadalajara's Regional Museum.

In 1904, he showed his interest in politics through his political cartoons. Years later, he was expelled from high school for supporting anti re-election movements.

After some time, he moved to Mexico City, where he made friends with several intellectuals and artists; one of them was José Clemente Orozco.

When Madero's Revolution broke out, he returned to Guadalajara. In 1912, he founded the Centro Bohemio (Bohemian Center), an arts-workshop where they discussed public affairs. This place became the most important cultural center in the city.

In 1914, he joined the government of Manuel M. Diéguez as the state's drawing inspector for the Mexican Education Department.

That is where he started his political career in Jalisco's Liberal Party. He later became part of the House of Representatives, Guadalajara's mayor, and Jalisco's State Governor in 1923.

In 1925, he integrated Jalisco’s educational, cultural and research-oriented institutions as a whole.

On October 12th of that same year, he opened the University of Guadalajara with great intellectuals such as Irene Robledo and the scientist Juan Salvador Agraz Ramírez del Prado.

In 1972, he received a Doctor Honoris Causa by the University of Guadalajara. His home is currently part of this institution; housing the historical archives as well as his personal library.

He died on March 16th, 1980, a month before turning 89 years old.

Nowadays, you can see his statue on Juárez Avenue, at the foot of the President's Office of the University of Guadalajara right next to Enrique Díaz de León.

Keep enjoying our historic center and learning about the Honorable Citizens of Jalisco.