Manuel Macario Diéguez Lara was born on March 10th, 1874, in Guadalajara.
Due to his economic situation, he was only able to finish elementary school and was forced to work at a very early age. He worked in military transportation in Mazatlán, Sinaloa.
He later moved to Sonora to work in the mining industry. It was here that he cofounded the Humanitarian Liberal Union. In 1906, he led the strike in Cananea, which demanded labor discrimination to stop.
This movement sentenced Diéguez to 15 years in San Juan de Ulúa's prison.
He was released in 1911 and returned to Cananea where Madero's revolution started and was elected as mayor a year later.
In 1913, the Decena Trágica (Ten Tragic Days) took place. Victoriano Huerta's treason leading a coup against the revolutionary leader Francisco I. Madero.
Because of this, Diéguez joined the war against Huerta and enlisted in Álvaro Obregon's north-west army. Together, they led many important battles during the Mexican Revolution.
Constitutional forces in charge of Venustiano Carranza during 1914 and 1915, appointed Diéguez as Jalisco's provisional governor and military leader.
During this period, he founded Jalisco's high school, a building you can visit nearby.
Diéguez was taken away in 1920, during the battle against the Plan de Agua Prieta, which was led by Plutarco Elías Calles. When he was released, he was discharged from the army and exiled from Mexico.
Once he came back in 1923, he fought against Álvaro Obregon's government. He was defeated after several battles, but he managed to escape to Chiapas.
He was caught in San José de las Flores, but he was offered inmunity, releasing all his soldiers.
On April 21, 1924, while a dinner party was being held in Tuxtla Gutiérrez to celebrate the surrender negotiations, Obregón ordered the execution of Diéguez and other generals without a proper court-martial.
That day, Manuel Macario Diéguez was betrayed and murdered in cold blood.
Years later, his remains were transferred to the Panteón de Belén (Belen's cemetery) but now rest at the Rotonda de los Jaliscienses Ilustres (Honorable Citizens of Jalisco's roundabout).
Keep enjoying our historic center and learning about the legacy of the Honorable Citizens of Jalisco.