María Rita de la Trinidad Pérez Jiménez was an activist who devoted her life and gave up her family during Mexico's Independence War.
She was born in 1779 in San Juan de los Lagos, where her family owned several properties. When she was 20, she married Pedro Moreno, an anti-Spanish activist, with whom she had four children.
She joined her husband in the fight for independence and became an administrator and a strong ally during the war.
Rita was in charge of feeding and mending the fighter’s wounds after many battles; one of them was the Fuerte del Sombrero battle against the troops who defended the Spanish crown.
In 1813, during a fight with the troops of a royalist general, her one-and-a-half-year-old daughter, María Guadalupe, was kidnapped; she never saw her again. In 1817, she found out her 15-year-old son, Luis, heroically died at the Mesa de los Caballos battle.
That same year, Rita and her two children were taken prisoners in León, Guanajuato. Afterwards, in Silao, Prudencia and Severiano who were 1 and 2 years old, respectively, died in jail due to starvation, abuse, and negligence.
In 1817, she was informed that her husband, Pedro Moreno, had died during the ambush at El Venadito ranch.
She was released in 1819 by the viceroy Juan Ruiz de Apodaca. She went back to Lagos de Moreno without her family or any belongings and died in 1861.
Visit the nearby landmarks which preserve her legacy:
• The congress building, where her name is engraved with gold-made letters at the Jalisco's congress room.
• Rita Pérez de Moreno street, which is only 4 blocks away from the 18 de Marzo square and the public library José Cornejo Franco.
• Rita Pérez remains were relocated to Guadalajara in 2010. Keep enjoying our historic center and learn more about the legacy of the Honorable Citizens of Jalisco.